harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo
silage additive – fermentation and stability after opening
At a glance
- fast and efficient pH reduction
- reduces dry matter losses
- increases contents of both lactic and acetic acid
- extended aerobe stability
- suitable for grass, grass-clover, corn and GPS from 30 % DM
- 150 g treat 100 tonnes of forage
- listed as suitable for organic farming in Germany on the list of operating resources published by FiBL (= Research Institute of Organic Agriculture in Germany)
harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo
fermentation and stability after opening
harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo is a combination of a homofermentative strain with a tried and tested L. buchneri. This accelerates the lowering of the pH and improves at the same time the stability of the silage. As soon as oxygen is available and the silage warms up, important nutritions vanish because of the yeast’s increasing activity.
A secure lowering of the pH is required for the possibility of letting the acetic acid, produced by the L. buchneri, fully develop its yeast and fungus inhibiting effect.
A special Lactobacillus buchneri
Lactobacillus buchneri is a strain of bacteria which is often used in silages. As a heterofermentative strain it is mainly used to improve the stability.
Life in a family of bacteria is not unlike real life, as can be seen by the results of trials conducted with various strains of buchneri throughout Europe in order to pass the European registration. Even though Paul and Henry Smith belong to the same family, Paul might be great in math while Henry is only average.
And performance and characteristics of the different strains of buchneri differ just as widely. – The following chart illustrates the trial data of four strains of buchneri as published in EFSA* journal.
Dry matter losses
It is common knowledge that dry matter losses in the heterofermentative fermentation with Lactobacillus buchneri are higher than the ones occurring in the natural fermentation of untreated silages. The strain of Lactobacillus buchneri used in harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo and harvest INTERNATIONAL® plus, however, is pleasantly atypical as it significantly reduces dry matter losses. Compared to untreated silages, this efficient fermentation saves more nutrients. In contrast, strains A, B and C show a significant tendency to higher losses resp. inconsistent results.
*EFSA = European Food Safety Authority
Essentially, these losses affect sugar and starch. However, easily digestible cellulose – to the point of „pure protein“ – gets lost as well while indigestible feed components are not affected!
Stability after opening
Through using harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo, the stock of yeast and fungus in the silage decreases immensely (> 90 %).
Consequently, the stability after opening enhances from 100 to 210 hours.
Usage recommendations harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo
As an allrounder, harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo is used best for grass and clover silages containing from 30 % of DM, GPS and corn. harvest INTERNATIONAL® duo can be used for ecological and organic farming.
Dosage: 1.5 g per t
Usage instructions harvest INTERNATIONAL® silage additives
Dissolve the freeze-dried powder in a sufficient amount of water and apply evenly over the forage using the suitable amount of water for your applicator.
The mixed solution should be used up within 48 hours.
Storage and shelf life
12 months at 4 °C and 18 months at -18 °C
One pouch of 150 g treats 100 t of forage.
harvest INTERNATIONAL® silage additives overview
|Recommendation of usage||harvest INTERNATIONAL®
|grass: < 30 % DM, dirt||X|
|grass: > 30 % DM, forage rye||X|
|grass: > 30 % with a lot of sugar||X||(X)|
|corn: < 35 % DM||X||(X)|
|corn: > 35 % DM||(X)||X|
|whole crop cereal silage||X|